# TESiboard Time KS1

Resources | Published 2 June, 2011

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### Time, a TESiboard Numeracy Collection

There are two main areas in learning about time: duration of an event and intervals between events; and the recording of a particular time when something takes place, in either analogue or digital form.

Telling the time is a particular challenge for children – the measurement units have not been converted to a metric system, so it can feel more alien. Numbers associated with time do not behave like ‘normal’ numbers: for working out time problems, common strategies of bridging through 10 or 100 are not usually appropriate and the intervals on the clock are 12 or 60, rather than the more familiar decimal landmarks.

#### Duration

The following interactive resources help children practise estimating and recording duration of familiar activities and to work out intervals between events. Longer units of years, seasons, and decades need to be understood alongside the shorter units of seconds, minutes and days.

How Long Does It Take?

• Use this to get a sense of short durations. Time pupils doing a series of repetitive actions… eg how many hops can you do in 5 seconds? Record the results in the table.

Activity Times

• A resource to sort activities by their duration and/or to sequence familiar events. In both options, pupils can choose their own criteria for headings/categories.

Stop Watch

• Help pupils gain a sense of short durations by timing, say, 10 seconds and asking them to close their eyes and put their hands up when they think the time is up. Also, use the stopwatch to time classroom activities, such as tidying up.

Days of the Week

• A simple sequencer with the days of the week. Pupils can hear the days read out by pressing the play button, which should help them to check the order. The report screen allows pupils to add comments next to each day.

Months of the Year

• Ask pupils to order the months of the year. Pupils can hear the days read out by pressing the play button, which should help them to check the order.

My Day Sequence

• A resource to relate various activities to different times of the day and to sequence familiar events. Drag activities onto the timeline and play back your choices. A separate report screen allows pupils to rewrite the captions in their own words.

My Life - a Timeline

• Create a timeline of a child’s development by dragging the images representing milestones in a child’s development onto the timeline. This will help pupils get a sense of time over a longer period, to use as a framework of reference for understanding phrases such as ‘in five year’s time’ or ‘next year’.

Birthday Pictogram

• Create a class chart of all the pupils’ birthdays then use it as a stimulus for questions, e.g.’Whose birthday is near Christmas / in the Autumn?’ Discuss intervals of time between different birthdays to help pupils get a sense of the year as a whole, split into 12 units of months.

Time of Day

• A TESiboard interactive resource to match everyday activities to times of the day. Pupils allocate different activities and events to segments of the day, split into 2-hourly, manageable chunks. The day is shown in a circular clock format to prepare children for telling the time using o’clock.

#### Telling the time

Class Clock

• A simple class clock for the IWB to explore telling the time. Ask pupils to set or read various times or to move the hands to show, for example, one hour earlier or later.

Hickory Dickory

• A familiar nursery rhyme context for learning time, with options of ‘hour only’ or ‘hour and half hour’ intervals. Pupils must set the hands to the right time before the mouse can run down the clock.

Set the Clock

• Challenge pupils to set the clock to the times requested, paying particular attention to the correct position of the hour hand.

Fill the Digits on the Clock

• A simple activity to drag and drop the digit labels onto the clock face.

Fill the Words on the Clock

• A simple activity to drag and drop the labels of time in words onto the clock face.

Compare Digital Clocks

• A tool to demonstrate time intervals on digital clocks. Pose questions for pupils to set earlier and later times and to identify time intervals between the two clocks.

One Hour Later/One Hour Earlier

• Set the second clock to one hour intervals earlier or later than the first one.

Comparing Clocks

• Use to ask a variety of questions to identify time intervals between the two clocks.

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